2015’s Ten Biggest, Most Memorable Events

By Steve Wickham

November 13 in Paris was a moment for history, much as London 2005 was and September 11 was for the United States of America. 2015 has been littered with terrorism events. It was actually harder than usual putting this list together, because of terrorism’s dominance over the year. Having compiled a Top 10 of this ilk each year since 2009 it was noticeable how significant terrorism has been this year in the cast of this Top 10.

 

  1. NIGERIA ATTACKS BY BOKO HARAM

On January 37, in a series of massacres in Baga, Nigeria, and surrounding villages, terrorist organisation Boko Haram kills more than 2,000 people. At least sixteen towns are destroyed and over 35,000 people are displaced.

 

  1. GERMAN WINGS FLIGHT CRASHES INTO FRENCH ALPS

On March 24, Flight 9525, an Airbus A320211 plane operated by lowcost carrier Germanwings crashes in the French Alps, killing all 150 on board. The copilot is found responsible for the crash, having locked the pilot out of the cockpit. Dozens of medical practitioners had reviewed the copilot’s mental health as having been unstable sparking reviews into airline policies for health assessments for commercial pilots. Several countries’ aviation authorities implement immediate policy changes requiring two authorised personnel to remain in the cockpit at all times during flights.

 

  1. PARTS FOUND FROM MH370 BOEING 777

On August 5, debris from the illfated Malaysia Airlines flight 370 washes up on Reunion Island. The right wing flaperon is verified as belonging to the Boeing 777. Its finding ends nearly eighteen months’ speculation and gives hope to the loved ones of the 239 who died on the flight.

 

  1. NEPAL EARTHQUAKES

On April 25, a Magnitude 7.8 quake strikes Nepal, causing 8,857 deaths in Nepal, 130 in India, 27 in China, and 4 in Bangladesh; a total of 9,018 deaths. There is a subsequent quake on May 12 affecting the same area. This registers 7.3 on the Richter Scale and 218 further souls lose their lives.

 

  1. WATER ON MARS

On September 28, NASA confirms that liquid water has been found on planet Mars, but there are still many questions as to the planet’s habitability, especially regarding its atmosphere.

 

  1. CLIMATE CHANGE CRISIS

On November 30, the 2015 United Nations Climate Control Conference (COP 21) commences, and it becomes the first of its kind where the major players take climate change seriously enough to innovate for action; a universally binding legal agreement, in an effort to keep global warming below 2o Celsius by the year 2100.

 

  1. SAMESEX MARRIAGE VOTE AND RULING

On May 23, Ireland votes to legalise samesex marriage, becoming the first country to legalise samesex marriage by popular vote. And on June 26, the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) rules in favour of gay marriage. The ramifications split many Western world countries with millions passionate on both sides of the debate.

 

  1. BOMBING OF RUSSIAN AIR FLIGHT

On October 31, Metrojet Flight KGL 9268, an Airbus A321 en route to Saint Petersburg breaks up midair over Egypt. Later it’s found that Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL terrorists)* have detonated a one kilogram bomb. 224 people were killed, 217 of which were passengers, and seven crew.

 

  1. GUN DEBATE IN THE U.S.

On December 2, the San Bernardino shootings bring the gun debate to fever pitch in the United States of America. Later this event is found to be an act of terrorism with links to radicalisation.

 

  1. PARIS ATTACKS

On November 13, multiple simultaneous attacks are made on Paris. Terrorist organisation Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)* claimed responsibility, and the group of incidents results in around 132 fatalities. Even though there were other key worldsignificant events on the day (earthquake in Japan, Beirut bombings, bombings in Baghdad, etc) the Paris attacks represent the scale of planning akin to 9/11/2001 attacks on the United States of America.

What is the speed of darkness?”