There once was a tax collector named Karl in the town of Apolda in what was to become Germany. Tax collecting in the 19th century was a high risk job. It was not just the aggression of the citizens that was the problem, but also the many bandits that roamed the countryside waiting for the opportunity.
But clever Karl had a plan. He also ran the local dog pound so he began to crossbreed canines in an attempt to breed a dog with intelligence, strength, loyalty and ferocity. Karl succeeded by crossing the Great Dane, the Greyhound, the German shorthaired pointer and the Rottweiler.
His new breed of dog travelled with him and apparently made his life a great deal easier.
After his death in 1894, the Germans named the breed in honour of the tax-collecting breeder, Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann.